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Guide to the Different Types of Dental Care
May 31,2021 Dental Care

Maintaining your teeth well is essential in order to allow them to fully play their different functional, phonetic and aesthetic roles. This requires not only daily brushing, but also regular consultations in order to benefit from adequate care.


Here are the main dental treatments offered:


Even brushing your teeth regularly and using dental floss, it does not completely remove dental plaque because parts of the gum and tooth are difficult to reach as well as the back teeth. Food residues and bacteria therefore settle there and mineralize over time and turn into tartar. This tart can no longer be removed by brushing and the dentist then proceeds to descaling, which consists of removing the visible tartar, as well as that which is hidden under the gum in order to guarantee good oral health.


Filling and composites

One of the most common dental treatments is a filling (or amalgam). It is mainly used to treat cavities caused by bacteria attacks on tooth enamel. This treatment consists of removing the affected part and replacing it with a filling which is in fact an alloy of several metals, including silver, zinc, copper and mercury.


Today it is hardly used any more because of the presence of mercury which is not recommended, and it is replaced by composite, an inert and aesthetic resinous material.


Dental devitalization

Dental devitalization is a necessary operation in certain cases of severe caries close to the dental pulp or in the event of a fall on a tooth but also pulp necrosis.


It consists in removing the pulp tissue at the level of the root of the tooth and at the level of the crown. In other words, the tooth is devoid of all the nerve and vascular endings that are responsible for tenderness and pain.



When an unfortunate incident results in a fracture of one or more teeth and consequently their devitalization, the installation of a dental crown may be necessary to correct the structural damage. This is an artificial dental prosthesis made of ceramic (or porcelain), alumina, with or without a metal alloy which partially or completely covers the tooth to protect it. It is the best long-term treatment to protect fragile teeth because they are sealed and therefore fixed in the mouth.


Dental prostheses

The fitting of a dental prosthesis is a necessary care in case of loss, usually of several teeth, when we can not indicate the fitting of crowns and bridges, it replaces the missing teeth. The major drawback of this technique compared to the crown or bridge is that it is removable and therefore less well tolerated by the patient. They are sometimes in resin or have a more sophisticated metal frame (stellite). Prostheses exist in several forms to know:


temporary resin partial dentures

permanent partial dentures with metal framework (stellites)

full resin dentures

partial or total prostheses on implants

etc ...

Orthodontic appliances dental appliances

They make it possible to correct aesthetic and functional problems which are linked to poor positioning of the teeth. The dental appliance is made from several anchors that are attached to each tooth and connected by an arch. This treatment is common in orthodontics but also very common in the field of pedodontics, the branch of dentistry that deals with dental care for children.


Tooth extraction

We use it when it is no longer possible to keep the tooth. Extraction is particularly necessary in the event of infection such as dental cysts, root fracture, severely loose and very mobile tooth, impacted tooth, accidental development of wisdom teeth, etc.



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